Umbrian Glossary


1. Bourcier, E. Basic Romance Linguistics. Moscow, 1952.
2. Korletyanu, N. Research in Popular Latin and its links with Romance languages. Moscow, 1974.
3. Lindsey, W. Brief historical grammar of the Latin language. Moscow, 1948.
4. Tsvetaev, I. The Corpus of Oscan Inscriptions. Kiev, 1877.
5. Tronsky, I. A Historical Grammar of the Latin Language. Moscow, 1960.
6. Fasmer, M. The Etymological dictionary of the Russian language. Moscow, 1986.

Notes for Glossary:
r' - a special sybylant in Umbrian, written like Czech [rz]
ç - another peculiar Umbrian sound, written like in French commençons

Glossary (109):
abrunu (a wild boar) abrugnus Old English eofor, Lithuanian vepris, Slavic *vepri
acnu (a year) annus Gothic aþnam
ager (a field) ager IE *ag'ro- (a field)
ahesnes (copper; aenis  
alfu, Pelignan alafis (white) albus IE *albho- (white)
amboltu (to cure) ambulató  
ander (inside) in (in, inside) IE *en (in, inside)
anglome (to the edge) ad angulum IE *ang- (a corner, an edge)
anouihimu (he dresses) induo (I put on) Lithuanian auti (to put on shoes), Armenian aganim (I dress), Avestan aoðrem (a shoe)
arçlataf (a round cake; arculatas IE *argw- (a bow and arrows)
arsfertur (a priest)   IE *bher- (to carry, to bring)
arsie (a victim;    
arsueitu (I bring, I lead)    
arves (prayers)   IE *arw- 'to pray'
atru, adro (black; pl. neut.) atra IE *atr@- (open fire)
avif (birds; aves IE *Hwé- 'to blow'
berva (a spear; abl. pl.) verus IE *gwerw- (a wooden spear)
bum, Volscian bim (a bull; bos, gen. bovis IE *gwou- (a bull)
cringatro, krenkatrum (a bandage on the shoulder)   Russian krug (a ring), Norse hringr, Old English hring (a ring)
curnaco (a raven; cornix IE *ker- 'raven'
deitu (to say) dicere IE *deik- 'to say, to show'
destrame (to the right) in dextram IE *dek's- (right)
deueia (a god) deus IE *deiwo- 'sunlight god'
dirsa, dida- (Pelignan) (I give) do (I give), dedi (I gave) IE *dó- (to give)
du- (two) duo IE *duwo- 'two'
eho (I, me) ego IE *eg'hom (I, me)
eiscurent (they demanded)    
ekvine (equestrian) equinus IE *ek'wo- 'horse'
emantur (they are being purchased) emuntur IE *em- (to take, to distribute)
ene, enuk (that way) enim IE *ano- 'that'
ere, erek; esmei, eru (this) is IE *so- (this)
esaristrom (a temple; Volscian    
esono- (saint)   Etruscan ais- 'god'
et (and) et Greek eti (more, over), Phrygian eti, Indic atas (thence)
etants (such in quantity) tantus IE *to- (this)
etru (other;    
fakust, façia (makes) facet IE *dhé- (to put)
far (farine) far IE *bhar- (a herb, millet)
feliuf (babies) filius (son)  
ferar (they will bring) ferunt IE *bher- (to carry)
fertu (I carry) fero IE *bher- (to carry)
fesnafe, fesnere (to the temple) feriae IE *dhey- (a god?)
foner (people who favour) faventes Slavic *govêti (to fast), Norse ga (to respect)
fratrom, fratrum (brothers; fratrorum IE *bhra'te'r 'a brother'
frosetom (a lie; fraudatum Sanskrit dhvarati 'harms'
furo, furu (a forum) forum IE *dhwer- (an enclosed place, a door)
Grabovio- (a god of oak)    
habetu (he would have) habere IE *ghabh- 'to grasp, to seize'
heriest (he will wish) hortitur (he encourages) Russian zarkij (greedy), Indic haryati (he adores), Greek khairo (I am glad), Gothic gaírns (greedy)
herter (wants)   see above
homonus (men; hominibus IE *dhg'hom- 'ground'
ier (they go) eunt IE *ei- (to go)
iuenga (a heifer)   IE *yun- (fresh, young)
iuka (a prayer) iokus (a joke) IE *yek- 'to pray'
iupater, iuvipatri (Jupiter) Juppiter IE *deiwo- (a deity)
kaprum (a goat; caper IE *kapro- 'goat'
karu, karne (a part)    
katel, gen. katles (a puppy) catulus Norse hathna (a goat-cub), Serbo-Croatian kotiti se (to whelp)
kuveitu (to come together) convehitó IE *weg'h- 'to carry'
manuve (a hand; mano IE *man- (a hand; power)
mehe, me (me) mihi, me IE *me (me)
menzne (to a month) mense IE *mens- 'month'
mers, mer's (justice, law) meditor (I think) IE *med- 'to measure'
muga- (to whisper) conmúgentó 'I call, announce' IE *mug- 'to pray'
ner (a man)   IE *ner-, *@ner- (power, strength)
nome, numem (a name) nomen, nominis IE *@nm- (to name, a name)
nos (we) nos IE *nosmes (we; me and them)
onse (a shoulder;    
peico (a woodpecker; picum IE *spik- 'woodpecker'
peracri (the best;; sharp) acer IE *ak'- (sharp)
per'i, persi (a foot;
persnimu (to ask, to seek)
pes, pedis


IE *ped- (a foot)
Lithuanian pers'u 'I seek marriage', Old High German fergón 'to seek marriage'
petur (four)
pihaclo (propitiation;
IE *kwetwores 'four' 
pir (fire)   IE *paur- (inanimate fire)
pir'e (something) quidquid IE *kwi- (relative pronoun)
poei (who, which) qui, quod IE *kwi- (relative pronoun)
pracatarum (boundaries;    
prever (alone)
pumper'ias (five)
privus (peculiar, the only)
Old Russian oprich (besides)
IE *penkwe 'five'
pune (because) cum < quom IE *kw-
purdouitu (I have given)
purka (a pig)

IE *pork- 'pig' 
putres-pe (which of the two; gen.) utrique IE *kwater- (which of the two)
rofu, rufru (red) rubus (reddish, rust) IE *reudh- (rust, red)
salu (salt; sal, salis IE *sal- (dirty, grey; salt)
sent (they are)
seritu (let him serve)
IE *es- (to be)
stahu (I stand) sto IE *stá- (to stand)
su-, super, subra (above)
sve (if)
IE *s-upo (above)
terkantur (let them see)    
totam (a country;   Gaulish touta (a tribe, people), Gothic thiuda (people), Old Prussian tauto (people), Hittite tuzzi- (an army)
traf, tra (across, through) trans IE *tra- (through)
tu, dat. tefe, abl. te (thou) tu, tibi, te IE *tú (thou)
tuplak (double)
turuf, toru (bulls;

IE *duwo- (two) + *plek- (to spin)
IE *tauro- 'bull'
ukar, ocar (a capitol) ocris (a steep mountain) IE *ok'- (sharp, steep)
ull (that) ille  
umtu- (let him smear)    
umen (an ointment) unguentum  
ute (or) aut  
utur (water; une)   IE *wed- (wet, water)
verfale (by words)
vinu, also Volscian (wine)
Gothic waurd 'word'
Hittite wiana, Greek oinos, Armenian gini
viru, veiru (a man) vir IE *wiro- (a man, a human)
vos (you; pl.)
vufetes (votes;
IE *yus, *wosom (you)
IE *Hwekw- 'to say'

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