- Language Description
- The Ways of Indo-Aryan Migrations (essay)
- Brahmi Script
- Indo-European Chronology (Indic)
Vedic is represented by earlier mantras, or verses, which consist of four Vedas, one of the most famous Indo-European epics of ancient times. The most ancient is Rgveda, the language of which is rather archaic and purely Indo-European, practically without borrowings. Its significant features are: in phonetics the turn of d, dh into l, lh between vowels; in morphology: very large number of exceptions in the language, archaisms. The verb uses the subjunctive and injunctive moods (memorative - the special mood with the meaning of mentioning the action), the pluperfect which are absent in Sanskrit. In Vedas particles and conjunctions play an important role, and the word order is totally free.
As Vedic is the closest to Iranian languages, and as Vedas are a poetry, the language is quite similar to Avestan, and some parallel forms and combinations are amazing.