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Vedic language
It was the most archaic historically witnessed form of the Indo-Aryan language. Indic tribes came to these lands, in the Indus Valley, around 1700 BC, replacing and conquering the ancient civilization of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro which existed here before. Indo-Aryans used the language very similar to Iranian and not far from Proto-Indo-European. Nowadays it is known that India was not the only way for Aryan migrations, as some traces of their existence are discovered in Southern Russian steppes, and in the Middle East (the so-called Mitanni Aryan language).

Vedic is represented by earlier mantras, or verses, which consist of four Vedas, one of the most famous Indo-European epics of ancient times. The most ancient is Rgveda, the language of which is rather archaic and purely Indo-European, practically without borrowings. Its significant features are: in phonetics the turn of d, dh into l, lh between vowels; in morphology: very large number of exceptions in the language, archaisms. The verb uses the subjunctive and injunctive moods (memorative - the special mood with the meaning of mentioning the action), the pluperfect which are absent in Sanskrit. In Vedas particles and conjunctions play an important role, and the word order is totally free.

As Vedic is the closest to Iranian languages, and as Vedas are a poetry, the language is quite similar to Avestan, and some parallel forms and combinations are amazing.

Indo-European Tree