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Kashmiri language
The most widely spoken among all Dardic languages, Kashmiri is spread in the Kashmir Valley in North India and Pakistan. It is used today by more than three and a half million of people, and was declared the official language of the Indian Kashmir state. Numerous dialects are spoken in rural areas of the state: the best known of them are Kashtawari, Poguli, Siraji, Rambani.

Main phonetic features: Kashmiri divides vowels to long and short, and back, medium and front; the system of consonants is characterized by the 3-grade structure of aspiration (i.e. t - th - d). Also consonants can be palatalized and labiovelar (t - t' - tw), and moreover cerebral (t. - t.' - t.w).

The morphology is very specific with four cases (one of them - the so called agentive case, denoting the subject with transitive verbs). But all four of them exist only in masculine singular, while plural nouns and feminine nouns use only three cases, without agentive. Verbs are also distributed by three aspects (including the neutral aspect and the resultative aspect). The sentence in Kashmiri is built ergatively.

Kashmiri is the only Dardic language which uses its own writing system, which is very ancient. The earliest documents found were created in the 13th century. Traditional script is the Indian Sharada script, though nowadays most Kashmiris use the Arabic alphabet with some diacritics for native sounds.

Dardic links
Indo-European Tree