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The Curonian language

Group Baltic (with Old Prussian, Lithuanian etc.), West Baltic (with Old Prussian, Sudovian and Galindan)
Geography Was spoken on the Baltic shores of modern Latvia and Lithuania, including parts of East Prussia
History Curonians were well known from the history of the Middle Ages. As they inhabited the shores they began to suffer foreign invasions already in the 7th century, mainly by Vikings who did not occupy lands but plundered them. In the 7th and 8th centuries Curonians had to repel Viking raids very often, but still kept their independence. Curonian lands were conquered by Teutonic knights in the 13th century, and later, in the 15th, came under the Lithuanian Principality rule. In the 17th century Curonian language disappeared, assimilated by Lithuanian. But even now dialects of Western Lithuania and Latvia remind us about the language. 
Phonetics Phonetics was similar to that of Lithuanian: each stop consonant had its palatal variant, the stress was free and tonal. Vowels could be long and short.
Nominal Morphology The Curonian language obviously had more noun case forms than Lithuanian - due to Livonian influence it generated several agglutinative cases (like allative, illative, adessive).
Verbal Morphology Similar to Lithuanian, with extensive use of the dual number
Writing No writing
Close Contacts Some dialectal vocabulary of Western Lithuanian show clear Curonian elements, as well as the Livonian language, a Finnish dialect preserved in Latvia. Curonians contacted with Livonians very closely in the Middle Ages.
Picture A farm near the Baltic sea
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