Occitan major dialect groups include Limousin and Auvergnat in south-central France, Languedoc and Provençal in the Mediterranean area, and Gascon (sometimes considered a separate language) in southwest France. Settled by the Romans earlier than the rest of France, their Latin-derived speech was less influenced than northern French by Frankish and other Germanic languages. Although Occitan has been increasingly influenced by French, its structure is closer to that of Spanish and Catalan. The term Franco-Provençal refers to a distinctive group of dialects spoken northeast of the Occitan area, extending slightly into Switzerland and Italy.
An example: the verb ÈSTER (French être) conjugated:
Past Participle: estat
Present tense Indicative mood: soi, ès, ei, ou, èm, ètz, son
Imperfect tense Indicative mood: èri, èras, èra, èram, èratz, èran
Past simple tense: estoi / estèi, estós / estès, estoc / estèc, estom / estèm, estotz / estètz, estón / estèn