|Hellenic||Greek skalló 'I dig'|
|Italic||Latin culter 'knife'|
|Celtic||Common Celtic *skal- 'to chop, to split' >
Scottish sgoltadh 'splitting', Irish & Middle Irish scoiltim 'I split', Old Irish siuscoilt, Welsh chwalu, Cornish scullye, Breton skul'a
|Indic||Sanskrit kalá 'a small part'|
|Anatolian||Hittite ikallai- 'to cut, to tear'|
|Armenian||Armenian celk`em 'I chop, I break'|
|Germanic||Gothic skilja 'butcher'|
|Baltic||Lithuanian skeliu 'I chop', Latvian sk,elt 'to chop'|
|Slavic||Common Slavic *skala 'rock', *kolti
'to chop' >
Russian skala 'rock', kolot' 'to chop'
|Notes:||The phonetics of the root is very interesting for its 's-mobile'
which disappears in Indic, Italic and takes a strange reflection in Armenian. It is even
more strange to compare it with an omonymic root *skel- 'to stumble' which
has the following cognates: Indic skhalate, Armenian sxalem.
The glottalic theory suggests the initial *s- here was in fact a palatalized sound *s', different from *s which has always been attested as the only spirant in Indo-European.