|Meanings:||a vessel, a ship|
|Hellenic||Greek naus, Ionic néus 'ship'|
|Italic||Latin návis 'ship', navigare 'to sail, to navigate'|
|Celtic||Common Celtic *nau- >
Old Irish nau 'ship', Welsh noe 'dough-trough'
|Indic||Sanskrit náus 'boat, ship'|
|Armenian||Armenian nav 'ship' - was it borrowed from Iranian?|
|Iranian||Avestan naváza 'sailor', Old Persian náviyá 'fleet'|
|Germanic||Common Germanic *nów- 'ship' >
Old Icelandic (poetic) nór 'ship', Norwegian & Swedish nu, no, Middle Low German nóste 'water trough', Old English nówend, Middle High German nuosch 'trough'
|Notes:||It was proved that Proto-Indo-European speakers used to live far from the sea. There is even no common word for the term 'sea', it appears only in European dialects. This makes us think that the root above denoted a boat for sailing over rivers and lakes, not really a ship. This is also proven by some Germanic meanings 'trough'. Interesting that the root is absent in Balto-Slavic languages, whose speakers also used to live distantly from any seashores.|