|Meanings:||to be awaken|
|Hellenic||Greek peuthomai 'I learn'|
|Celtic||Old Irish buide 'gratitude', Welsh bodd 'free will', Cornish both 'will'|
|Indic||Sanskrit bodhayati 'he wakes'|
|Iranian||Avestan baodayeiti 'he teaches'|
|Germanic||Common Germanic *biudan, *budan 'to ask, to
Gothic anabiudan 'to order', farbiudan 'to forbid', Old High German biotan 'to offer', Old Norse bjóða, Old English béodan, Old Saxon biodan 'to offer'
|Baltic||Lithuanian bude.ti 'to awake', bunda 'he is awaken', busti 'to wake up', Latin bauslis 'free gift', Old Prussian budé 'they are awaken', etbaudints 'cheerful'|
|Slavic||Common Slavic *buditi < *bheud- 'to wake', *bude.ti
< *budh- 'to be awaken' >
Russian bdet' 'to be awaken', Bulgarian bd'a 'I am awaken', Czech & Serbo-Croatian bdim, Slovene buditi 'to wake up', Polish budzic', Lower Sorbian buz'is'
|Notes:||The zero grade of ablaut gives *-u- in this
root, a lot of cognates use derivatives from this very zero grade form.
The Greek form is interesting for its interchanging of root consonants: according to phonetic laws, the IE *bheud- should have given Greek *pheutomai; the Greek form here goes back to *beudh- which looks rather strange because the Proto-language hardly had the phoneme *b at all. Gamkrelidze and Ivanov, however, suggest these two hypothetic forms were the two varieties of one root.