|Hellenic||Greek thugatér (a daughter)|
|Celtic||Gaulish duxtir (a daughter), Old Irish der- (in composite names)|
|Indic||Sanskrit duhitá-, duhitar- (a daughter)|
|Dardic & Nuristani||Khowar zhur (a daughter), Prasun lut (a daughter)|
|Iranian||Avestan [email protected] (a daughter),
Persian duxtar, duxt
|Tocharian||Tocharian A ckacar, Tocharian B tkac'er (a daughter)|
|Armenian dustr (a daughter), gen. dster|
|Germanic||Common Germanic *doxtir (a daughter), >
Gothic dauhtar, Old English & Old Saxon dohtor, Runic Scandianvian dohtriR (nom. pl.), Old Icelandic dóttir, Old High German tohter, Old Frisian dochter
Swedish dotter, German Tochter, Scots dochter
|Baltic||Lithuanian dukte. (a daughter), Old Prussian duckti, Sudovian dukté|
|Slavic||Common Slavic *dütjí (a daughter), >
Ukrainian doch, Old Church Slavonic düshti, Serbo-Croatian kchi, Bulgarian [email protected]'a, Slovene hc'i, hc'erka, Old Czech dci, Czech & Slovak dcera, Polish cora, Russian doch'
|Notes:||The etymology of this word seems rather dark, unlike that of
the previous ones: 'father, mother, sister'. It is the last in the series shaped by the
suffix -er and therefore belonging to r-stem nouns.
A few branches replaced this stem by another one, for instance Italic and Celtic, again for unknown reasons.
The unstressed vowel of the second syllable is the Indo-European 'schwa' which was dropped in Armenian, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, and Iranian languages.