|Hellenic||Greek me'te'r (a mother), Doric ma'te'r, New Greek metera|
|Italic||Latin mater (a mother), Osc maatrei's
abl.sg., Umbr matrer abl.sg.;
Italian madre, Catalan mare, Spanish madre, Provencal maire, French mere, Brazilian mae, Portuguese mai
|Celtic||Common Celtic *ma'te'r, >
Gaulish matir (mother), Irish ma'thair (mother), Scottish ma'thair, Old Irish ma'thir, Welsh modryb (dame, aunt), Old Breton motrep (aunt), Breton moedreb (aunt)
|Indic||Sanskrit ma'ta' (a mother)|
|Dardic & Nuristani||Kashmiri moju|
|Iranian||Avestan ma'tar (a mother), Old Persian ma'dar,
Ossetic mad, Baluchi math, Afghan mor, Tadzik modar, Persian madar, Waziri mor, mer
|Tocharian||Tocharic ma'car (a mother)|
|Armenian mair (a mother), gen. maur|
|Albanian motre" (a sister)|
|Germanic||Common Germanic *mo'the'r, >
Old High German muoter, Old Icelandic modher, Old English mo'dor, Norse mo'thir, Old Low German mo'der, Old Frisian mo'ther, Old Saxon mo'dire (aunt), Middle High German mu"eder ,
Swedish mor, modor, German Mutter, Icelandic mooir, Norwegian mor, Danish moder, Faroese modir, Dutch & Afrikaans moeder
|Baltic||Common Baltic *mo'te' >
Lithuanian mote., motina (a woman), Latvian mate (a woman), Old Prussian mu'ti (a mother), pomatre (a step-mother), Sudovian ma'te' (a mother)
|Slavic||Common Slavic *mati (a mother), >
Ukrainian & Bulgarian & Serbo-Croatian & Slovene & Czech mati, Slovak & Russian mat', Belorussian & Polish & Upper Sorbian mac', Lower Sorbian mas' (a mother)
|Notes:||Again one of the most famous Indo-European words. Maybe Jakob
Grimm and Rasmus Rask invented comparative linguistic staring at a table like this.
Semantically this stem not everywhere denotes the mother - Albanian sister, Breton aunt, but as a whole the root is rather simple.
*Note: Old English and other ancient Germanic tongues used a special runes where we write th, dh here. Our th is like in thin, our dh reads like this.