|Meaning:||white, to shine; silver|
|Hellenic||Greek argos (white), arguros, arguron (silver)|
|Italic||Latin argentum (silver), Oscan aragetud (silver; abl.sg.), Faliscan arcentelom (a silver coin; acc.sg.)|
|Celtic||Common Celtic *argent- (silver), >
Gaulish argento- (silver), Old Irish arget, argat, Middle Irish airget, Irish & Scottish Gaelic airgead, Welsh ariant, Breton arc'hant, Cornish argant
|Indic||Sanskrit arjuna- (white, shining), rajata- (silver)|
|Iranian||Avestan @[email protected]- (silver)|
|Tocharian||Tocharian A árki-, B aerkwi- (white)|
|Anatolian||Hittite harki- (white)|
|Armenian||Armenian arcath (silver)|
|Balkan||Phrygian arg- (silver),
Thracian arzas (white, shine)
|Notes:||The Proto-meaning of this root was obviously 'white, shining'
which was preserved in Greek, Sanskrit, Tocharic, Thracian and Anatolian. However, already
Proto-Indo-Europeans must have discovered silver and took up this word for it: practically
all branches denote silver with this very word.
The only branch which lacks the root, is Germano-Balto-Slavic which used another stem for 'silver': Slavic *sirebro, Baltic *silabr-, *sirabl-, Germanic *silbr-. Its origin is dark - many think it was borrowed from "Pelasgian" (cp. Sibros argureos potamos - a "silver" river in Lycia), some suppose its Indo-Aryan (from kubhros) or Iranian roots.