|Related to:||Greek - not found, replaced by 'hmeis; Homer also uses several forms with n- cognate to Celto-Italic|
|Italic - not found, replaced by nos, nob-|
|Common Celtic - not found, replaced by *s-nés, cognate to Italic|
|Tocharic wes - we; wu (masc.), we (fem.) - we two|
|Avestan vá - we two, vaém - we|
|Sanskrit vayam - we|
|Albanian - not found, replaced by ne, cognate to Italo-Celtic|
|Hittite wes' - we|
|Common Germanic *wetu, *witu - we two, *wé
- we; >
Gothic wit, Old English wit - we two
Old English wé - we, Old Norse ver
|Common Baltic *vedu - we two, Lithuanian vedu (fem) - we two|
|Common Slavic *vé - we two, Czech ve|
|Notes:||It seems that there were two different stems in
Proto-Indo-European for this personal pronoun "we". They were *mes
(preserved in Slavic, Baltic, Armenian, partly in Celtic), and this *wei-.
Their difference is not clear yet, but some linguists suggest that *wei-
denoted "we, me and you", while *mes meant "we, me and
According to such a distinction, the first was called inclusive, the second exclusive personal pronoun. First all Indo-European dialects kept and used both stems, but then the category inclusiveness disappears, and languages had to choose between two variants for "we". Slavic and Baltic acquired both - the first for dual, the second for plural.
The third stem, maybe just dialectal, which did not exist in the Proto-language, is *ne-, no-, seen in Italic, Celtic, Albanian and in several Germanic languages.